Differences in Production Costs Across Compliance Scenarios for Canadian Cow-Calf Producers Accessing the EU Market

Mandy Gabruch, Eric T. Micheels


Using the 2016 Canada EU Trade Agreement as context, we develop a systems dynamics model to assess changes in the cost of production from a production system oriented toward the North American market where growth enhancing products are allowed, to a European market where these production practices are banned. We outline four different compliance scenarios and use data from western Canadian institutions to estimate how the cost of production for cow-calf producers changes in the different compliance scenarios. We find that compliance costs ranged from $2.13 per head for those firms who already had forgone growth enhancing products and were maintaining detailed records to $34.78 per head for farms who were least compliant with EU standards.


Beef production; trade agreements; compliance; growth enhancing products; systems dynamics

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18461/ijfsd.v11i3.51

ISSN 1869-6945


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License