Societal Perspectives on a Bio-economy in Germany: An Explorative Study Using Q Methodology

Corinna Hempel, Sabine Will, Katrin Zander


Bio-economy describes an economy based on renewable instead of fossil resources. To ensure the success of this transformation it is necessary to involve society into the process. Q methodology was used to empirically assess people’s perspectives on bio-economy in Germany. Using a Q-type factor analysis three perspectives were identified. “Sufficiency and close affinity to nature” focuses on natural/ecological relations, while “Technological Progress” favours technologies to become less dependent on fossil resources. The third perspective “Not at any price” is rather concerned about economic trade-offs. People’s viewpoints could be useful for politicians and stakeholders to improve communication and knowledge building on bio-economy in Germany.


Bio-economy; bio-based; Q methodology; society; perspectives; innovation; sufficiency; living standard; Germany

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ISSN 1869-6945


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