Opportunities and Limits In The Application Of The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Method Adopted To Pulp Demanded By the German Paper Production Industry

Nicolas Fuchshofen, Johannes Klement, Wiltrud Terlau


The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach is the most important tool in the evaluation of environmental (sustainability) impacts of products and processes. We used the method to conduct an impact analysis with regard to raw material inputs (pulp) for the German paper production industry. In our analysis, we compare the environmental effects of primary sulphate pulp, scrap paper pulp and grass-based pulp and estimate their impacts in the impact categories “greenhouse gas emissions”, “eutrophication” as well as “energy and water consumption”. Furthermore, we discuss the opportunities of the methodical approach and some general problems and limits of the application of a LCA. In conclusion, we found environmental advantages for the use of grass as an alternative resource in the German paper production industry, especially in the fields of transport and water consumption.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18461/pfsd.2018.1807

ISSN 2194-511X


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