Potato Breeding by Many Hands? Measuring the Germplasm Exchange Based on a Cultivated Potatoes Database

Lilian Cervo Cabrera, Edson Talamini, Homero Dewes


In science, collaboration is sometimes understood as synonymous with co‐authorship. However, it also can be measured through the exchange of information and materials. In agriculture, potato late blight is still a challenge to the breeding
programs. Accessing different materials, which can be used as sources of resistance, is the key to successful disease control.
This article maps the germplasm exchanges carried out by potato breeding in the world as a way to measure collaboration
between countries. Cultivars of potato resistant to late blight were selected based on a European database and some
countries stood out from others. This was mainly the case of Germany and the Netherlands. Most of the countries have
greater links with themselves than with other countries, with reinforces the idea that national breeding programs work
more closely within their own country than with other countries. The hegemony of some countries, the prioritization of
national research and the high costs of developing a resistant cultivar can be obstacles to greater collaboration.


Scientometrics; scientific cooperation; potato germplasm database; European Cultivated Potato Database

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18461/ijfsd.v10i1.07

ISSN 1869-6945


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License